Trentino Alto Adige is one of the northernmost regions of Italy, bordering Austria and Switzerland, and this mix of Germanic and Latin cultures is plain to see in everything from its architecture to its food and drink.
Typical of this crossover of cultures is the city of Trento, whose Castello del Buonconsiglio combines beautiful Renaissance frescoes with a dramatic and imposing Gothic bell tower. The alpine town of Bolzano (Bozen) in Alto Agide (Südtirol) also shows this dichotomy, with its distinctly Tyrolean buildings and atmosphere contrasting strongly with the local dominance of the Italian language, one of the few areas in Alto Adige where German is not the most widely spoken tongue. Bolzano is also home to the Haydn Orchestra, one of Italy's most successful, and there are regular symphony performances in the Haydn Auditorium in the city.
Further south, Rovereto is an important cultural centre. It houses the War History Museum with documents and relics from the First World War onwards, and a military memorial at Dante Castle, testament to the troubled history of this border area. On a brighter note, Rovereto also boasts the Museum of Modern and Contemporary Art, holding works from a diverse range of artists, and the Civic Museum offering seven large exhibits detailing the historical culture of the region.